Pandemic Covid 19 vs Education
What Is Covid 19 Pandemic or Coronavirus?
Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that can cause animals or people to become diseased. Many coronaviruses are known to cause respiratory infections in humans ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS). The most recent coronavirus detected causes of COVID-19 coronavirus disease.
The infectious disease COVID-19 is caused by the coronavirus most recently identified. Before the outbreak in Wuhan, China, in December 2019, the current virus and infection were unknown.
Impact on Education:
Going to school is the best public policy tool available to raise skills. While school time can be fun and can raise social skills and social awareness, from an economic point of view the primary point of being in school is that it increases a child’s ability. Even a relatively short time in school does this; even a relatively short period of missed school will have consequences for skill growth. But can we estimate how much the COVID-19 interruption will affect learning? Not very precisely, as we are in a new world; but we can use other studies to get an order of magnitude.
Two pieces of evidence are useful. Consider a situation in which young men in Sweden have a differing number of days to prepare for important tests. These differences are conditionally random allowing the authors to estimate a causal effect of schooling on skills. The authors show that even just ten days of extra schooling significantly raise scores on tests of the use of knowledge by 1% of a standard deviation. As an extremely rough measure of the impact of the current school closures, if we were to simply extrapolate those numbers, twelve weeks less schooling (i.e. 60 school days) implies a loss of 6% of a standard deviation, which is non-trivial. They do not find a significant impact on problem-solving skills.
UNESCO's figures refer to learners enrolled at pre-primary, primary, lower secondary, and upper-secondary levels of education as well as at the tertiary level. 1,379,344,914 students or 80 percent of the world's learners are now being kept out of educational institutions by country-wide closures.
A different way into this question comes from Lavy (2015), who estimates the impact on learning of differences in instructional time across countries. Perhaps surprisingly, there are very substantial differences between countries in hours of teaching. For example, Lavy shows that total weekly hours of instruction in mathematics, language, and science is 55% higher in Denmark than in Austria. These differences matter, causing significant differences in test score outcomes: one more hour per week over the school year in the main subjects increases test scores by around 6% of a standard deviation. In our case, the loss of perhaps 3-4 hours per week teaching in maths for 12 weeks may be similar in magnitude to the loss of an hour per week for 30 weeks. So, rather bizarrely and surely coincidentally, we end up with an estimated loss of around 6% of a standard deviation again. Leaving the close similarity aside, these studies possibly suggest a likely effect no greater than 10% of a standard deviation but definitely above zero.
School / Colleges Started Switching To Online Classes/Digital Classroom:
Despite the rising alarm about COVID-19 dissemination and demands for the reduction of the virus, a growing number of post-secondary institutions have shut down individual classes. In post-secondary networks all over the world, the virus has discovered vulnerabilities. It is now evident that society needs versatile and robust systems of education in the face of an uncertain future.
People in the education technology sector, which creates everything from online learning apps to resources to track students' success, believe they're equipped for the problems they face.
Yet other educators have concerns due to what others may perceive due problems resulting from the usage of technology in schooling and preparation – everything from utilizing technology for tracking students from using it to bundling costly electronic textbooks. In fact, legal issues are alarming.
A survey showing the abrupt lock-down by the government gives many parents little time to plan for online classes and they still fail to link their child to such virtual classes has shown that many schools in the country have moved into online lessons owing to the lock-down, and one in five students is unable to link because they do not have a laptop, tablet or screen,
The Localcircles CEO Sachin Taparia claimed that "Parents mentioned being searching for a laptop for their child last weekend. Also, well-placed managers in multinationals indicated that their children wanted laptops
Pay or not pay? Families were concerned about school fee relief reporting:
To reimburse, exclude or freeze school children's parents are concerned with announcements by various state governments that include relief for school payments during the coronavirus lockout. The governments of Rajasthan, Punjab, Haryana, and Uttar Pradesh declared that schools would not place pressure on parents to pay lock-out fees. However, it is not clear to parents that no payments would be assessed or compensated later during the time. Many parents mistakenly presumed that there are no penalties during the time span assigned to different school authorities, so they have made several requests about exemptions.
"Little clarification remains. Schools tend to demand different costs such as food and travel expenses. Nobody understands what was and stays suspended. "It is the only relaxation in time when we enter school and not the number," says Sandeep Makhija, a resident in Gurgaon, to PTI.
The country is under lockdown due to the COVID-19 situation. However, schools and colleges were closed a week before the lockdown was announced.
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